The datasets created by the Israeli Courts Research Division are provided in an electronic and re-usable
form for the use and benefit of the scientific community and of the public at large. By publishing these datasets,
we aim to advance and to enhance empirical-legal research in Israel, to cultivate the creation of a unified standard
for such research, to promote transparency and accountability in the Israeli Judiciary, to encourage critical academic
discourse regarding conclusions of ICRD research projects, and to provide a basis for the extension and updating of datasets.
A left-click on the name of the dataset will lead to an Excel or SPSS file which contains the data and the codebook
(including variable values, definitions, measurement unit, valid range and missing values).
Terms and Conditions of Use:
- Any use of the data must be clearly accompanied by an attribution of the data source and the correct citation of the dataset.
- It is forbidden to present or edit the data in a misleading, incorrect, or biased manner.
- Use of the data must be in accordance with the sample size, the sample characteristics, and the statistic limitations
of each dataset. Information pertaining to the samples and data sources is specified in the dataset table.
Dataset Title and Suggested Citation
Research Based on the Dataset
Data Sources and Sampling Methods
Civil Cases for the Evaluation of the Pilot Program "Consecutive Trial Hearings" in Civil Cases in the Jerusalem District Court Dataset
Gali Aviv and Inbal Galon
"ISRAELI COURTS RESEARCH DIVISION" (June 2015)
The Evaluation research of the Pilot Program “Consecutive Trial Hearings” in Civil Cases in the Jerusalem District Court. [In Hebrew]
The dataset contains a sample of 397 civil proceeding cases filed in the six District Courts in Israel between 2009 and 2011,
and disposed of before July 2014. This database contains 34 variables on pretrial hearings, trial hearings, summation type, requests, and more.
The dataset is based on two representative samples of civil cases that were filed in 2009, 2010, 2011, and were closed before July 2014.
The first sample included 147 cases that were heard in the Jerusalem District Court, where the pilot program took place; the second sample included 250 cases that were heard in the other five District Courts.
The confidence level of the sample is above 95% and the sampling error is 7%.
In the Jerusalem District sample, a random sampling method was used, while focusing on cases that had at least one trial hearing that took place.
The sampling method for the other districts was based on a stratified sampling method in order to ensure that the sample accurately and proportionally represented the civil cases in each district.
We first calculated the number of cases which needed to be sampled from each district. We then randomly sampled, from each district, cases which were resolved during the examined timeframe.
The cases were coded by four ICRD workers, after reading the documents of each case.
A second tier of encoders randomly sampled approximately 10% of these cases for accuracy and inner reliability,
and found that the coding was consistent with an accuracy of over 90%.
Israeli Criminal Proceedings Dataset
Oren Gazal-Ayal and Keren Weinshall-Margel "Israeli Criminal
Israeli Courts Research Division and Haifa University - The Center for the Study of Crime, Law and Society (May 2012)
Conviction and Acquittal Rates in Israel [in Hebrew]
The dataset presents descriptive information regarding indictments filed against 2,012 defendants
in criminal proceedings in magistrate and district courts. 236 variables were coded for each
indictment, and these include various characteristics of the indictment and of the defendant,
representation, the stages of the criminal proceeding, and the outcomes of the proceeding.
The data is based on a sample of 1,417 criminal cases from magistrate courts and 244 criminal cases from
district courts (acting as a court of first instance), which were resolved between May 2010 and May 2011.
These cases constitute about 3% of all "criminal cases" resolved during this period in magistrate courts and about
13% of all "criminal cases" and "severe criminal cases" resolved in district courts during this period.
The confidence level of the sample is above 95% and the sampling error is below 5%.
A stratified sampling method was used in order to ensure that the sample accurately and proportionally represented
the total population of criminal cases in Israeli courts. We first calculated the number of cases which needed to be
sampled from each court. We then randomly sampled, from each court, cases which were resolved during the examined period.
13 law students from Haifa University coded these cases after reading the indictments and defense documents, requests,
decisions and protocols of each case. A second tier of encoders randomly sampled over 10% of these cases for accuracy and
inner reliability, and found that the coding was consistent with an accuracy of over 90%.
Comparative Dataset of Legal Systems (2008 Data)
Keren Weinshall-Margel "Comparative Dataset of Legal
Israeli Courts Research Division (July 2011)
A Comparative Evaluation of Case Loads in Legal Systems [in Hebrew]
The dataset includes 37 quantifying variables referring to legal systems of 47 European countries;
Mediterranean countries; and all U.S. states. These variables include case loads in the legal system,
numbers of judges, lawyers and cases (standardized per 100,000 inhabitants), length of proceedings, and more.
For details regarding data sources and variable definitions, please refer to the ancillary document
"Definitions for the Comparative Dataset of Legal Systems".
Judicial Workloads in Israel (Case Weights) Dataset
Keren Weinshall-Margel "Judicial Workloads in Israel
(Case Weights) Dataset"
Israeli Courts Research Division (June 2013)
Case Weights for the Assessment of Judicial Workloads in Israel
The case weights dataset provides information
regarding the average judicial workloads in 101
"case types" in magistrate courts, district courts,
and regional labor courts. A "case type" is defined
in accordance with the instance, the proceeding
type, and the procedure / categorization under which
the case is filed in the courts.
The dataset contains over 30 variables for each of the case types, among these,
the average amount of judicial time invested in preparation, in court hearings and in writing decisions.
Other variables include the average number of hearings and written motions; the probability for the case
to be resolved in a certain way (in a judgment on the merits, in a default judgment, in a consent judgment, etc.);
and data concerning the number of cases (incoming, resolved and pending).
The data required to establish the case weights (average event frequency and average event time)
was obtained using four individual research designs:
1. Delphi Method - We held five different "focus groups" of judges, using the Delphi method, in
order to obtain data regarding the average amount of judicial time invested in preparing for cases and in
writing decisions. All in all, 51 judges took part in these groups. These judges proportionally represented the
different instances (magistrate, district, and labor courts), regions, and areas of law as distributed in the Israeli courts.
2. Linear Regression Analysis - To compute the average length of hearings for
each case type, we used a regression analysis on the court calendars of all
the judges during 2010 (n=117,817 hearing days).
3. Representative Samples - We coded representative samples of cases from each
case type in order to obtain the distribution of case dispositions. The confidence
levels of the samples are above 95% and the sampling error is bellow 6%.
4. Court Databases - We used court data reports from the computerized court system
"Net Hamishpat" in order to obtain the average number of hearings and written motions
in each case type, as well as the number of incoming, resolved and pending cases.
Israeli Civil Proceedings Dataset
Keren Weinshall-Margel and Ifat Taraboulos "Israeli Civil Proceedings
Israeli Courts Research Division (April 2014)
Court Costs and Cost Shifting in Civil Proceedings in Israel
The dataset provides descriptive information regarding 2,000 civil proceeding cases in 10
magistrate and district courts (while acting as a court of first instance). 201 variables
were coded for each case. These variables cover a wide range of case characteristics and issues,
such as sought and granted remedies, temporary injunctions, requested and received court costs,
motions, hearings, witnesses and expert witnesses, and more.
The cases in the sample constitute approximately 2% of all civil proceeding cases
resolved between December 2008 and December 2011 in 10 courts: Four district courts:
Tel Aviv, Central, Jerusalem, and Be'er Sheva, Six magistrate courts: Haifa, Petah Tikva,
Herzliya, Tel-Aviv, Jerusalem and Be'er Sheva. The confidence level of the sample is above
95% and the sampling error is below 6%.
We used a stratified sampling method in order to ensure that the sample accurately
and proportionally represented the total population of first instance civil cases
in Israeli courts. We first chose the courts in the sample and calculated the representative
number of cases needed to be sampled from each court. We then randomly sampled, from each
court, cases which were resolved during the examined period.
The cases were coded by five law students, research assistants of the ICRD, after
reading the documents of each case: the pleadings, motions, decisions, opinions,
summations and hearing protocols. A second tier of encoders randomly sampled
approximately 10% of these cases for accuracy and inner reliability, and found
that the coding was consistent with an accuracy of over 90%.